OE Global 2023 has ended
Building a Sustainable World through Open Education
Wednesday, October 18 • 2:00pm - 2:30pm
On the Edge: An Aboriginal Search for the Truth about Taiwan’s History

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This paper introduces the first pressbook in Taiwan entitled_Using an Online Platform Pressbooks to Create an Open Textbook for Self-Healing of a Teenager: a Picture Book Adapted from Ghost Slayer by Gan Yaoming_. The author is Kuang-Chih Hsu who, under my direction, finished the book in October 2020. It is designed to promote the multicultural consciousness with an aim at the indigenization and decolonization of curricula in elementary and secondary schools. From the perspectives of indigenous people, Taiwan has experienced layers of colonization under the governance of Spain, the Netherlands, Japan and China during the past four hundred years. Only until 30 years ago in the process of democratization did the issue of “nativization” emerge for the re-orientation of national identity. In 1994 and in 1997, the Constitution revised several articles about the name rectifications of the Aboriginals. Since then, the cultural policy has been changed from Chinese to Multicultural.

This book has been tested as a teaching manual for one semester and received positive feedbacks. Based on the creation of "multimedia teaching material design", it has remixed a lot of material from open resources to re-create Chang Wan-Ju's unpublished picture book, which was named “Self-Healing of a Teenager: A Picture Book Adapted from Ghost Slayer by Gan Yaoming.” The process of recreation goes as follows: In 2016, Chang condensed Gan Yaoming’s 300,000-word novel Ghosts Slayer (published in 2005) into a juvenile book of about 10,000 words, adding to the book 20 illustrations all done by herself. It was designed for teenagers aged between 11 and 15. Hsu’s job was to use Pressbooks as a tool to recompile the content of Chang’s work, adding audiovisual and web link functions, cc-authorized historical pictures, handmade GIS positioning images, after-class evaluation, Hakka sound recitation, etc. As a result, it has become a wonderful open resource for those who are teaching or learning Hakka language in Taiwan.

The content of this e-book mainly consists of three chapters and 27 sections, following Chang’s text. Hsu’s contribution is to redesign the content of the three chapters by supplying geographic information, videos, related photos or graphics files to add to the layout design. Moreover, the important geographical, historical and conceptual phrases related to the Hakka ethnic groups are selected and annotated in detail. Readers can have the free access to this e-book by the URL


Keywords: Taiwanese Aboriginal, Pressbooks, cultural policy, national fiction

Session outcomes and takeaways: The first open textbook in Taiwan appeared three years ago. It was designed to promote the indigenization and decolonization of curricula, with a focus on the Hakka language teaching by adapting a novel entitled_Ghost Slayer_by Gan Yaoming.

avatar for Shu-Chen Chiang

Shu-Chen Chiang

National Yang Ming Chiao Tung University

Wednesday October 18, 2023 2:00pm - 2:30pm MDT
Bear (S8/10) Edmonton Convention Centre